A review of three commonly prescribed skeletal muscle relaxants

A review of three commonly prescribed skeletal muscle relaxants

Despite the fact that Metaxalone and Flexeril belong to the same pharmacological class (skeletal muscle relaxants), they have some distinctions in terms of adverse effects, dosage, and cost. Doctors prescribe metaxalone in combination with rest, physical therapy, and other nondrug treatment strategies for painful muscle conditions. Doctors recommend muscle relaxers for certain people with muscle pain and spasms. There are two classes – antispasmodics reduce spasms by inhibiting signals in the brain, while antispastics affect the spinal cord and reduce muscle tightness and spasms. This helps patients get into a state of rest or sleep easier.

Because of limited comparable effectiveness data, choice of agent should be based on side-effect profile, patient preference, abuse potential, and possible drug interactions. Metaxalone is a water-soluble, centrally acting skeletal cyclobenzaprine (flexeril) muscle relaxant that has no direct effect on the muscle tissue. It is generally prescribed for the treatment of acute, chronic, traumatic, and inflammatory musculoskeletal disorders at a dose range of 800–3200mg/day.

If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines. It is the brand name of a drug called metaxalone that relieves pain caused by muscle sprains, injuries, and strains as well as it relaxes certain muscles. While an OTC muscle relaxer exists, it may not be appropriate for all types of muscle conditions.

Interventional Pain Therapies: A Better Alternative to Muscle Relaxers

In the US – Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at FDA-1088 or at /medwatch. Additionally, methocarbamol can also be administered intravenously or intramuscularly, while dantrolene can be given intravenously, and baclofen can be given intrathecally. Muscle relaxants are not recommended for use by pregnant women, older adults, or people who have
depression or a history of drug or alcohol addiction.

Doctors prescribe muscle relaxants for a few days or a couple of weeks until the acute pain disappears. However, if the pain is described as chronic, a longer prescription may be necessary. No data directly compares the two drugs in terms of pain relief. Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions.

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Selection of a skeletal muscle relaxant should be individualized to the patient. If there are tender spots over the muscle or trigger points on physical examination, a skeletal muscle relaxant is a reasonable adjunct to analgesic treatment of low back pain. Skeletal muscle relaxants may also be used as an alternative to NSAIDs in patients who are at risk of gastrointestinal or renal complications.

Compared to the other muscle relaxers, Metaxalone provides a moderately strong relaxing action and produces lesser side effects. Nausea, drowsiness, vomiting, dizziness, and irritability are among the known side effects. Given the effects, elderly people are at risk of using this drug. Below are five of the more common muscle relaxants often prescribed by doctors to alleviate pain. Muscle relaxers often provide a sedative effect that will impede daily activities such as operating machinery or exercise.

Does Skelaxin help with pain?

The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. Drug information found in the drug comparisons published on RxList.com is primarily sourced from the FDA drug information. The Flexeril manufacturer information states that there are no adequate, well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Therefore, Flexeril should be used in pregnant women only if clearly needed.

  • These same probes then deliver electric signals to disrupt specific nerve conductive abilities.
  • However, if the pain is described as chronic, a longer prescription may be necessary.
  • The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records.
  • The way they work is not completely understood, but may be due to central nervous system (CNS) depression and sedative effects.

It is also a controlled medication due to its addiction potential and is very expensive at this time. Research is lacking on whether or not antispasmodics are more effective in treating muscle pain and spasms than NSAIDs or acetaminophen. Antispasmodics have more side effects than NSAIDs and acetaminophen, so it’s important to talk to your healthcare provider about the benefits and risks of taking these medications. In this article, we’ll discuss three types of skeletal muscle relaxers.

Skeletal muscle relaxants are medications that reduce muscle contraction, so they are primarily used to relieve both acute or chronic muscle spasms and spasticity. Patients should also avoid driving or operating hazardous machinery during while they are taking these drugs. However, under doctor supervision these drugs can be prescribed together during a short-term treatment of serious musculoskeletal conditions. They are in some cases prescribed off label for the treatment of fibromyalgia.

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